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"No lines, No laps, No Lectures" - Karl Dewazien

 Injury Management


 Crucial for Coaches: Injury management know-how

To coach young children where I live, I had to get licenses from a couple of coaching courses that totaled five days of instruction. We were taught all sorts of drills -- a few of which resembled soccer-playing -- and were given some useful tips. Like keeping plastic bags in your coaching bag in case you need to pick up dog poo before practice.

By Mike Woitalla (from Soccer America Magazine's Youth Insider)

The league provided first-aid kits in our coaching bags. But injury management training wasn’t included in the required coaching courses.

So I signed up for an American Red Cross first-aid course. There I spent most of the day becoming intimate with Rescue Annie, learning CPR, and working that wonderful little machine, the defibrillator. (It actually speaks!) But the kind of first-aid I’d most likely encounter at the soccer field was barely covered.

The team I coached at the time had, believe it or not, four parents who were doctors. So whenever one of the little players got hurt, I simply looked down the sideline and picked an MD to attend to the child.

But what if I didn’t have doctors on the sideline?

My response to injured players had been mainly based on what I remember from how the trainers responded to hurt players when I played high school and college ball. Certainly, depending on long-term memory or the odds that there are docs around isn’t a satisfactory approach.

Coaches aren’t expected to be doctors, but they must attend to injured players and make the difficult decision of whether a player is fit to play after suffering an injury.

To help educate coaches on injury management, orthopedic surgeon Dev Mishra has created – “The Coach’s Guide to Youth Sports Injury Management.”

Dr. Mishra has served as a team physician for the University of California, he is currently a team physician for several San Francisco Bay Area high schools, and is a member of the team physician pool with the U.S. Soccer Federation. On a weekly basis at his medical practice he sees youth players with significant injuries that started out as minor injuries.

Extrapolating from what he has witnessed, he figures that the potential number of major secondary injuries -- those injuries that became worse because a young player was returned to play before his or her injury had recovered --  suffered by youth athletes nationally is 1 to 2 million annually.

In other words, much grief and cost could be saved with an informed first response from the sidelines and prudent decision-making in determining when a player should return to action.

One of the components of -- which also offers downloadable MP3 content – is the clear, concise PDF for soccer coaches that covers the most common soccer injuries -- including abrasions, ankles, knees -- and pretty much every other type of injury or ailment that a coach could come across.

The beauty is that it’s not a daunting document. It’s reader-friendly and easily comprehensible. It provides an invaluable four-step guide to on-field injury evaluation applicable for every situation. For all injuries, it includes the crucial advice on what “Red Flags” to look for, how to make the “Play of Sit?” decision, and basic sideline management of the injury.

Also included, of course, is advice on when to call for professional medical personnel.

Reading the PDF or listening to the MP3s -- which run about 5 to 7 minutes per injury -- leaves one feeling much more self-assured about the prospects of attending to a hurt player. And a coach’s confident countenance can go far to settle a child shaken up by an injury.

Shortly after I perused the SidelineSportsDoc PDF, a player on my team suffered a bloody nose. That too had been covered: “To control bleeding, use a clean cloth, paper towels, or gauze, to cover the nose. Firmly pinch the soft part of the nose just beneath the hard bridge of the nose and hold for at least 3-5 minutes …”

As is usually the case, the injury was minor and she soon returned to play. But it sure was nice to be prepared.




Soccer's Small-Sided Game Published: 4/6/2007

by Chris Johnson from Dallas, Texas

In soccer, the game is the best teacher. The game challenges players by the problems it presents for the players who must solve problems to be successful. Games create realistic situations that players will come up against in the game. Through friendly competition, players will be motivated and challenged to learn the game.

It is not always possible to play a full sided game every practice; therefore, the use of small sided games becomes an important development tool. Through small sided games, players are forced to respond to game like situations and are forced to learn to problem solve. Small sided games incorporate all of the major elements of the game.

Small sided games are great learning tools to focus on areas such as transitional play, quality of touches, quality and speed of decision making, and positional. Not to mention the fact that small sided games are fun and players enjoy the competition.


Suite Filed over Soccer Group Unemployment Compensation Insurance - Saturday, January 05, 2008
Suit filed over soccer group unemployment compensation insurance

MILWAUKEE (AP) The Wisconsin Soccer Association has filed a lawsuit challenging a state decision that would require youth soccer clubs to have unemployment compensation insurance for referees, coaches and trainers.

Peter Mariahazy, president of the Wisconsin Youth Soccer Association, said Thursday that he fears the ruling also could require clubs to deduct a whole range of taxes from an official's pay and many of his group's clubs simply would not be able to comply with the requirement.

``It's extremely variable how much time they put in,'' Mariahazy said of those to whom the ruling would apply. ``Some work a few games a year, others work dozens of games.''

Mariahazy said it would also affect other sports clubs such as hockey, Little League baseball and basketball leagues.

``It would be costly, but more importantly, it would detract from the mission of getting kids and their families involved in the sport,'' Mariahazy said. ``For the most part, these are volunteer-run organizations, and these requirements would detract from making it a positive experience for the players and their families.''

Mariahazy said the state Department of Workforce Development had determined in late 2003 that the soccer group's coaches, referees and trainers met the state requirements needed to be considered an ``employee.'' The soccer association argued that the individuals were independent contractors.

Daniel O. Wolter, a state administrative law judge, conducted a hearing on the question and concluded last May that the referees were not employees but that coaches and trainers were.

The soccer association and the department both appealed to the Wisconsin Labor and Industry Review Commission, which held that all were employees, not just the coaches and trainers.

The soccer group is asking in a Milwaukee County Circuit Court lawsuit that the administrative decision be reversed.

Information from: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,

(© 2007 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. In the interest of timeliness, this story is fed directly from the Associated Press newswire and may contain occasional typographical errors. )





 Character Building Articles



Program Teaches Kids that Character Counts-winning isn't everything!

"The Program is simple.  At the end of games, each team picks a player from the opposing squad to receive the mdedal.  Winners are announded on Mondays at their schools.  Selection is based on sportmanship, leadership and attitude." Read more..

Parenting to Build Character by Michael Josephson

"This article gives a summary of how to use Consistency, be Concrete and be Creative when teaching your children a??judge your values not only by what you say but by what you do and what you permit them to do.  They will judge you no???t by your last worst act.  Thus, everyting you say and do, and all that you allow to be said and done in your presence undermines the credibility of your messages about the importance of good character." Read more..

Character Building in Sports by Michael Josephson 

"Coachs, whether paid professions or volunteers, are central figures in a network of relationships with athletes, ??? opponents, officials, fans and the general public.  Each of these relationships comes with a bundle of legal and ethical laws, written stands of conduct and principles of ethics and sportmanship." Read more..

 FIFA National Football Associations Research on Small Sided Games



 Here is a sampling of FIFA national football associations, which have instituted Small Sided Games for children.

6 vs. 6, including the goalkeeper,for U89 vs. 9, including the goalkeeper, for U10. There is no organized soccer for the U6 age group. The U12 age group plays 11 vs. 11. This modified version of soccer for children is referred to as Rooball. Modifications are made to the size of the goal, the field of play, the ball, length of play and field markings.Ms. Connie Selby- Coaching & Dev. Coordinator of the Australian Soccer Assoc.

8 vs. 8 for U7 to U11   11 vs. 11 for U13 and older U7 play twenty-minute matches on a 30 yards wide by 50 yards long pitch. U9 play a forty-minute match divided into two halves on a 30 yards wide by 50 yards long pitch. U11 play a sixty-minute match divided into two halves on a 50 yards wide by 70 yards long pitch. U13 play an eighty-minute match divided into two halves on a 50 yards wide by 100 yards long pitch.Mr. Lionel E. Haven   - General Sec. of the Bahamas Football Assoc.
Please find herewith the match formats played by our clubs.
- U6, U7 and U8 play (5 vs. 5)        - U9 and U10 play (8 vs. 8)
- U11 and U12 play (11 vs. 11)

Note that these types of playing formats have been adopted after a study and analysis carried out by the University of Leuven together with the Belgian F.A.    Mr. Michel Sablon – Techinical & Sports Director for the Belgium F.A.

5 vs. 5
25 X 35 METERS
8 vs. 8
11 vs. 11
11 vs. 11
11 vs. 11
11 vs. 11

 Mr. Vincent Stevens Coach U17 KV Mechelen{A complete list of the playing rules from the

Bermuda F. A. is available upon request from the US Youth Soccer Coaching Education Department.}

Age under 6 and under 7 -- 8 on the field including goalies with unlimited Substitutions
Age under 8 to under 13 -- 8 on the field including goalies with only 5 substitutions
Age 14 and up -- 11 on field with only 3 substitutions
Unfortunately, be informed that in our Federation exist no clubs with such age groups (under 9).
Ms. Lejla Burekovic – Football Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina 
Here in Tortola on the British Virgin Islands we do as follows:
6-7 yr old: 5-a-side   8-9 yr old: 7-a-side
10-11 yr old: 8-a-side   Over 12 we try and introduce them to 11-a-side
Mr. Roger Carter- Head of Youth Football, BVIFA
Here are the CSA's recommendations
U6 3 vs. 3     U8 4 vs. 4    U10 7 vs. 7   U12 8 vs. 8    13 and older 11 vs. 11
Mr. Sean Fleming- National Staff Coach 780-718-9375 780-428-5422 (Fax)
5 vs. 5, including the goalkeeper for U12
Ms. Kenisha Morgan Administrator Public Relations and Marketing Manager of the Cayman Football Association.
In response to your request see below season’s Cayman Football works.
Tournaments for U-10 players (boys and girls) eleven a side games; organized by Primary Schools under supervision of CIFA.
Rally U-10 tournament 7 a side game; organized by Primary Schools under supervision of CIFA.
U-14 League and Cup (boys and girls) eleven a side games; organized by CIFA.
U-17 League and Cup (boys and girls) eleven a side games; organized by CIFA.
Primary School Girls League, nine a side games; organized by Primary Schools under supervision of CIFA.
District tournament for U-14 and U-16 levels, boys and girls, eleven a side games; organized by CIFA.
Cayman Football Fest rallies for Primary School boys and girls, U-14 seven a side games and U-17 eleven a side games.
Women’s Senior League and Cup, eleven a side; organized by CIFA.
Men’s Senior League and Cup, eleven a side; organized by CIFA.
National Team training regularly in Men Senior, U-20, U-17, U-14, U-12, U-10, Women Senior and Ladies U-16 levels.
We have no work for Under 8 year old players.
We hope this information helps you to improve the football program in the USA and CONCACAF.
Marcos Tinoco - Technical Director, Cayman Islands Football Association
5 vs. 5 for U10 (8- and 9-years-old)    5 vs. 5 for U12 (10- and 11-years-old)
We do not organize games for children U6 and U8. 
Ms. Marilena Prodromou - CFA

Un saludo del Departamento Técnico, de la Federación Salvadoreña de Fútbol.

En atención a su E-Mail en el que nos solicitan información acerca de los distintos formatos usados por las ones

afiliadas a FIFA, sobre loas partidos con numeros reducidos para jóvenes menores de 12 años, al respecto enviamos lo siguiente:


Está dividido en seis niveles de formación, fijados en una Progresión adecuada a la evolución natural del niño, se caracteriza por

 un aumento gradual de la dificultad y complejidad de las situaciones, cada vez más reducidas en el plano técnico –   

táctico, y por unas velocidades de ejecución cada vez más rápidas.


Juegos de habilidades y capacidades básicas
1º Nivel
Juegos para el Minifútbol
2º Nivel
Juegos para el Fútbol 7
3º Nivel
Juegos para el Fútbol 8
4º Nivel
Juegos para el Fútbol reglamentario
5º Nivel
Fútbol a la medida del Adolescente
6º Nivel


Medidas de Campo
Minifútbol 4
25X35 mts
3X10 Minutos
14 Años
Minifútbol 5
25X35 mts
3X10 Minutos
16 Años
Fútbol 7
40X55 mts
18 Años
Fútbol 8
Entre las áreas campo reglamentario
20 Años
Fútbol 11
Campo reglamentario
22 Años

La Competición en el Fútbol Base 

5 vs. 5 and 4 vs. 4 are the numbers (minifutbol 4 and minifutbol 5) for U10 and below, 7 vs. 7

for U12 and 8 vs. 8 for U14.

The F.A. does not encourage any organized football under the age of six. Over 6-years-old ‘Mini-Soccer’ rules apply.
4 vs. 4 or 5 vs. 5 for U8   6 vs. 6 or 7 vs. 7 for U10
Over ten-years-old they begin to play 11 a-side.
"This was introduced four years ago and we feel this has made a huge difference to our youth development programme."
Mr. Jonathan Arana - Senior Customer Relations Manager for The F.A.
5 vs. 5, 7 vs. 7 & Futsal for all age groups
7 vs. 7 for U11 9 vs. 9 for U13
Mr. Timo Huttunen- The Head of the Youth Department
All Stars -program for Children and Young people
add: Urheilukatu 1, 00250 Helsinki, Finland -tel. 358 9 7421 5270
mob. 358 40 823 5270   Email:
{A complete list of the playing rules from the Finnish F. A. is available upon request from the US Youth Soccer Coaching Education Department.}
In Germany the playing models differ in the various regional federations. Normally they play:
4 vs. 4 for U6   7 vs. 7 for U7 to U12
Some local federations play 11 vs. 11 with the U12 age group and some even as young as U10.

"In my opinion small-sided games are better for young players, so at my academy we often play 4 vs. 4 in the training sessions.

Small-sided games enforce a lot of technical abilities." Mr. Klaus Pabst - former Technical Director for the Youth Academy of Cologne.


My name is Basil O'Mallan and I am the president of the youth soccer league here on Guam. There are about 1,000 kids ages 4 to 16

registered to play soccer in the league. Since Guam is a small island, about 200 square miles, and much of it mountainous,

finding level playing fields is my biggest challenge. As a result we play small-sided matches on smaller playing fields for the various age groups.

We also modify goal sizes. Soccer is very popular here and the competition level is pretty good. We are part of the Asian Football Conference.

We are very fortunate, though, as the weather is wonderful year round so we play two full seasons and also a summer league. I will prepare a more detailed report and get back with you soon.

Mr. Basil O’Mallan
I would like to inform you about the match formats in different age-category in Hungary.
4 vs. 4 U 6-7 Pitch 20X30 m Goal 1X1 m (no goal-keeper) Ball size 3
6 vs. 6 U 8-9 5 1 30X40 m 3X2 m 4
8 vs. 8 U 10-11 7 1 40X60 m 5X2 m 4
Only in tournament system.
From U12 normal team, pitch and championship.
Mr. Brünyi Béla-Youth Secretary

Since we are very keen to get in the EU, and it was a part of the "package deal", Hungary finally had to take major steps in the past few years in improving certain issues in the coaching and player development department. A nationwide program was implemented of unified ideas and new playing rules. Here is what I gathered so far: U8 4 vs. 4 without GK U10 5 vs. 5 with GK U12 7 vs. 7 with GK The U8s are using 2x1 meter (cca. 6'x3') goals, no corner kicks but three corners can be exchanged for one PK. That penalty has to be kicked from the half way line without GK. There is no throw-in but pass or dribble into play. No kickoff during the game and after a conceded goal they just put the ball back in play. Interestingly, and that only exists at the U8 level, they can bring the ball all the way to the half way line before the defending team is allowed to pressure. That rule though is not nationally accepted, certain counties and clubs don't endorse it. Some only use it when the game goes lopsided. On the U8, U10 and U12 games they don't have referees but field marshals (I assume designated parents) who only supervise the activity, not officiating it. It wasn't clear but I think it is only on the tournaments (which run in festival format) and on the intra-club games can be found (?). Once they travel they probably have refs. I grew up in a Hungarian second division club's youth academy and we were sentenced to play full field 11 vs. 11 at U10 already. I remember lots of frustration, boredom and aggravation in my first few years. What I've found on our web site now is rejoicing and it is finally the complete opposite of what we had to struggle through. If you are interested in further research the web address is: Mr. Csaba Feher Interim DOC PA    West Soccer Association (412) 856-8011 office

5 vs. 5 for U8      7 vs. 7 for U10     9 vs. 9 for U12   All formats include goalkeepers.
Mr. Richard Fahy, Technical Co-ordinator for The Football Association of Ireland.
Table 1: Proposed game format in the different age groups (All formats include Goalkeeper)

Game Format
5 a-side
40 x 30m
3 x 10mins
Size 2 & 3
6’ x 4’
7 a-side
60 x 40m
3 x 15mins
Size 3
10’ x 5’
9 a-side
80 x 60m
3 x 20mins
Size 4
16’ x 6’
11 a-side
100 x 70m
2 x 35mins
Size 5
20’ x 7’
15 -16
11 a-side
110 x 70m
2 x 40mins
Size 5
24’ x 8’
17 and over
11 a-side
120 x 80m
2 x 45mins
Size 5
24’ x 8’
6 – 9
5 a-side
25m x15m
2 x 10mins
Size 2 / 3
8’ x 4’
10 - 13
5 a-side
25m x 15m
2 x 15mins
Size 4
10.5’ x 7’
14 - 16
5 a-side
25m x15m
2 x 20mins
Size 4
10.5’ x 7’
16 and over
5 a-side
30m x18m
2 x 20mins
Size 4
10.5’ x 7’
5 a-side
38m x18m
2 x 20mins
Size 4
10.5’ x 7’

Our youth department informs that we apply:
for U6 (4- and 5-year olds)- 5 vs. 5, 25x40 m pitches, 2x3 m goals, balls nr 4
for U8 (6- and 7-year-olds)- 7 vs. 7, 40x60 m pitches, 2x5 m goals, balls nr 4
for U10 (8- and 9-year-olds)- 7 vs. 7, 40x60 m pitches, 2x5 m goals, balls nr 4
for U12 (10- and 11-year-olds)- 7 vs. 7, 25x40 m pitches, 2x5 m goals, balls nr 4
Mr. Gunars Akerbergs -LFF Executive Secretary
Here is the information from Liechtenstein.
U8 und jünger: 5 gegen 5    U10: 7 gegen 7    U12: 9 gegen 9   U14: 11 gegen 11
U8 & younger 5 vs. 5    U10 7 vs. 7    U12 9 vs. 9   U14 11 vs. 11  
Mr. R. Ospelt-Executive Director
The mach formats for young football players in Luxembourg are:
U6 7 vs. 7    U8 7 vs. 7    U10 7 vs.7    U12 7 vs.7
Mr. Pierre Claude Luxembourg FA

Regarding information on games format for children age twelve and under, kindly note the following.

Our match formats and age categories are as follows:

Age 6 to 8 years old 5 vs. 5 15 min. 15 min. game duration.
Age 8 to 10 year old 7 vs. 7 20 min. 20 min. game duration.
Age 10 to 12 year old 7 vs. 7 20 min. 20 min. game duration.
(for the above age group in some cases 9 vs. 9).

We have modified rules/instructions for these age groups. No points are given to any winning team.

Mainly games for the U/10 to U/12 are played on Saturday and Sunday morning between December and May of the following year.

Mr. Joe Micallef -Youth FA General Secretary.
4 vs. 4 for U7
7 vs. 7 for U8 to U11

11 vs. 11 for U12 to U19, although 7 vs. 7 is also played in all of these age groups. A size 5 ball is used for all age groups.

The ball for U11 and younger has a maximum weight of 320 grams (a normal size 5 ball weighs 453 grams). The length of play

 in the U7 to U9 age groups is generally two halves of twenty minutes each. The length of play for U6 is two halves of fifteen minutes each.

Mr. Jarno Hilhorst -Royal Netherlands Football Association.

NEW Zeland

3 vs. 3 for U7 and progress 9 vs.9 for U10. 11 vs. 11 for U11 and older play. They begin using a size 5 ball at age nine. They promote using a smaller ball, smaller field of play and a smaller goal for children. They allow the clubs some latitude in determining the size of the pitch and goal. They are not in the process of determining national standards and plan to have small –sided games implemented over the next year. The youngest age group in which they have registered players is U8.


Mr. Paul Smalley -Director of Football for New Zealand Soccer.
Our proposed match formats are:
U10, U9, U8, U7 5 vs. 5 (included goalkeepers)     U 11 and U12 7 vs. 7.
Mr. Dag Riisnas -Norwegian Football Association.
5 vs. 5 or 8 vs. 8 for U11     Begin 11-a-side play at age 13.
4 vs. 4 for U8 – no goalkeepers
7 vs. 7 for U10 to U12 including goalkeepers
11 vs. 11 for U13 and older
Mr. David Little -National Secretary for the Scottish Youth Football Association.
{A complete list of the playing rules from the Scottish F. A. is available upon request from the US Youth Soccer Coaching Education Department.}
Futbol 5--Soccer 5s (from age 7-10) Local Competition

(grew out of Futbol Sala-- usually played on outdoor or indoor handball courts) 5 vs. 5 (4 GK--all players rotate to play GK) (35 x 23 meters) #3 ball all rules same as FIFA except offside only in the penalty area 2- 20 minute halves/10 minute rest Futbol 7--Soccer 7s (from 11-13) Local League and Regional Championships 60-70 meters in length x 45-55 meters (Goal Size 6 meters x 2'10) #4 ball all FIFA rules --offside inside penalty area only (penalty spot 13 meters from the goal line) 7 vs. 7 (6 GK) 2 -35s Futbol 9--Soccer 9s (from 14-16) Regional and National Championships Field 70-75 meters x 55-60 (Goal size same as Futbol 7s) 9 vs. 9 (8 GK) #5 ball all FIFA rules  (lines inside field are same as 11 vs. 11 field) 2-40s 11v11 Regional and National Competition begins at age 17

This is the Swedish age groups:
5 vs. 5 (7-9 years old)    7 vs. 7 (10-12 years old)    11 vs. 11 (13- years old)
Med vänlig hälsning
Peter Brusvik     Utvecklingsenheten
SVENSKA FOTBOLLFÖRBUNDET - Box 1216, 171 23 Solna -
Telefon 46 8-735 09 31    Mobil 46 70 5-49 09 54 Telefax 46 8-735 95 93 -Mr. Peter Brusvik-Development Department
The Swedish Football Association
Junioren kategorien schweizer fussball -USFT
Name: Urs Baumgartner -Department: Sekretariat -Premier Youth Soccer (cut off Date is January 1st)
U-19 (1985 - 1988)
U-18: 16 and 17 year olds (1986-1987)
U-16: 14 and 15 year olds (1988-1989)
U-15: 13 and 14 year olds 1989-1990)
Youth A 1984-1986
Youth B 1987-1990 Youth A B 11 v. 11
Amateur Youth Soccer
Youth A: 17, 18 and 19 year olds
Youth B: 15 und 16 year olds Youth A B 11 v. 11
Intermediate Youth Soccer
Youth C: 13 and 14 year olds Youth C 9 v. 9
Youth D: 11 and 12 year olds Youth D 7 v. 7
Kid's Soccer
Youth E: 9 and 10 year olds Youth E 7 v. 7
Youth F: 7 and 8 year olds Youth F 5 v. 5
Mr. Urs Baumgartner -General Secretary

As you know FUTSAL is becoming very popular. I personally like to use it, maybe modifying it a little, for U/10 applications. The four seconds rule makes the game much crisper and the 22x42 meters field is a perfect size for children. The accumulated fouls teach discipline and work on the children’s attention span development. So...since 5-aside exists and has its own specific set of rules, and a World Championship (which the TCI have just entered, by the way), why not use it? Dump the "low-bounce" ball and use a # 4; get rid of the stop watch and do 20 minute halves; change the kick-in for the throw-in ... and so on to suit your needs.TURKS & CAICOS ISLANDS FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION Captain Alessio (Alex) Girotti Development Officer (Grand Turk, South Caicos, Salt Cay)

 & National Director of FUTSAL

3 vs. 3 for U6 – no goalkeepers
4 vs. 4 for U8 – no goalkeepers
6 vs. 6 for U10 including the goalkeeper
8 vs. 8 for U12 including the goalkeeper
11 vs. 11 for U13 and older players

For a complete set of the modified rules, field diagrams and addendums for the U6, U8, U10 and U12 age groups

please visit

Mr. Tom Goodman -Director of Coaching

The small-sided game has been in force in Wales for about 8 years at under 12 level. At first, although mandatory, it was organized to recommended standards, this has recently been reviewed and rules and regulations have been established to ensure uniformity across Wales. The rules allow for flexibility which can take into account the age and ability of the player, by reducing numbers, applying conditions, playing without goalkeepers and rotating players with no limitations on substitutions etc. As a rule the games are non competitive; i.e., they do not form part of a league structure and therefore the result whilst important is not crucial in a bigger scheme. This is supposed to reduce negative parental influence.

Mr. Rob Sherman -Player Development Manager for the Football Association of Wales.
{A copy of the Welsh rules is available from the US Youth Soccer Coaching Department upon request.}
US Youth Soccer
Many thanks to Mr. Roberto Lopez, Mr. Juan Carlos DeRada, Mr. Eric Privat and Mr. Manni Klar for their contributions and translation efforts on behalf of US Youth Soccer.
ENGLAND7 vs. 7 for the U7, U9 and U11 age groups. 11 vs. 11 play begins in the U13 age group.